Tires are the product directly linked to your safety. So knowing basic things will help you to use them safety. Tires play an important role as an automobile component. Many parts may make up a car but usually one part is limited to one function. Despite its simple appearance, a tire differs from other parts in that it has numerous functions its simply tires 101.
Thus, a tire supports the weight of the car, reduces the impact from the road and at the same time, transmits the power to propel, brake and steer on the road. It also functions to maintain a carcass movement. In order to complete such tasks, a tire must be structured to be a resilient vessel of air.
A tube is used to maintain its major function of maintaining air pressure but a tube alone cannot maintain the high pressure needed to withstand the great weight. In addition, the tube lacks the strength to withstand all of the exterior damage and impact from driving on the road. The carcass is entrusted with this function.
The carcass is an inner layer that protects the tube that contains the high-pressure air and supports vertical load. A thick rubber is attached to the parts that meet the road to withstand exterior damage and wear. Tread patterns are chosen according to car movement and safety demands. A solid structure is necessary to make sure the tires are securely assembled onto rims.
(1) Bias Tire Layers of one ply cord material are placed on the tire carcass diagonally from one tire bead to the other at angles of about 40° to the centerline of the tread. The lengthy research and development period have given this tire an overall steady performance and stiff sidewall. With the advent of the radial tire however, the bias tire is now used much less frequently.
(2) Radial Tire A radial tire uses a cord angle of 90 degrees. That is, the cord material runs in a radial or direct line from one bead to the other across the tread. In addition, a radial tire has a belt overwrap under the tread surface to provide greater structural stability. The belt overwrap of a radial tire distortion while the radial structure enables high speed driving.
Note : Belted Bias Tire A radial tire-like belt is attached to a bias tire carcass. The belt increases the stiffness of the improves traction for better steering and stability. However, the belted bias tire is generally product from the transition of a bias structure to radial structure and is not widely used.
(3) Tubeless Tire As cars became faster, the tubeless tire was developed to protect drivers and cars from the dangers of flat tire accidents while driving at high speeds. Instead of using a tube, a lining (inner liner) of special rubber with low air permeability inside the tire prevents air leaks from the tire and rim. This means that even if a nail punctures the tire while on the move, air pressure will not be lost very rapidly. However, careful tire maintenance is still necessary as there is no tire that does not go flat. In addition, there are tubeless tires that use airtight, highly binding cement on the inside of the inner liner to decrease air leakage even further.
Advantages of a Tubeless Tire – Maintains air pressure – Sudden air leakage does not occur even with puncture – Improved heat emission while driving because air inside the tire is in direct contact with rim -Less maintenance or mishaps with tube – Increased operation efficiency with no tube assembly
Disadvantages of a Tubeless Tire – Separation occurs if crack appears inside tire bead – Air leakage in the case of imperfect tire-rim assembly or disfiguration in the rim flange. In particular, caution is needed when driving on unpaved roads as rocks and other debris may damage the rim flange and cause air leakage.
Tires 101 on Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
All new cars by law in Canada arcome with TPMS by law. Some car manufactures have costly TPMS sensors making it hard for a customer to afford 2 sets of tires and RIMS. The Car Salon Tire and Auto Center sells 3rd party TPMS sensors and prices lower that the dealerships. We also have the correct tools to reset the TPMS on you car before you leave. If you TPMS light is on and you have had work. done have one of our techs check it out for you.
Passenger or Light Truck – Tires 101
There is an easy war to check if you tires are Passenger (P) or Light Truck (LT). For there is markings on the side of your tires and will look like LT225/75R16 or P205/55R16.
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